Thursday, October 30, 2014

Varadharaja Perumal Temple kanchipuram

Varadharaja Perumal Temple

Varadharaja Perumal Temple or Hastagiri or Attiyuran is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in the holy city of Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the Divya Desams, the 108 temples of Vishnu believed to have been visited by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars.[1] It is located in a suburb of Kanchipuram known as the Vishnu Kanchi that is a home for many famous Vishnu temples. One of the greatest Hindu scholars of Vaishnava VisishtAdvaita philosophy, Ramanuja is believed to have resided in this temple.[2] The temple along with Ekambareswarar Temple and Kamakshi Amman Temple in Kanchipuram is popularly known as Mumurtivasam (abode of trio),[3] while Srirangam is referred to as ‘ The Koil’ (meaning: "temple") and Tirupathi as the ‘Malai’ (Meaning: "hill"). Among the Divya Desams, Kanchipuram Varadaraja Perumal temple is known as the ‘Perumal Koil’. This is one of the most sacred places for Vaishnavites. There is another famous temple of Varadarajaswamy in Kurmai, of Palamaner mandal in Chittor District of Andhra Pradesh, called the Kurma Varadaraja Swamy Temple.







History

There is a belief that the temple was first built by the Pallava king Nandivarman II.[4] Varadharaja Perumal Temple was originally built by the Cholas in 1053[5] and it was expanded during the reigns of the great Chola kings Kulottunga Chola I and Vikrama Chola. In the 14th century another wall and a gopura was built by the later Chola kings. When a Mughul invasion was expected in 1688, the main image of the deity was sent to Udayarpalayam, now part of Tiruchirapalli District.[6] It was brought back with greater difficulty after the involvement of local preceptor who enlisted the services of general Todarmal.[6] Robert Clive, the British general during the colonial period visited the Garuda seva festival and presented a valuable necklace (now termed Clive Maharkandi), which is adorned during a special occasion every year.

The Temple

The Temple is huge within a 23-acre (93,000 m2) complex and shows the architectural skills of ancient Vishwakarma Sthapathis in temple architecture and is famous for its holiness and ancient history. The temple has 3 outer precincts (prakarams) namely Azhwar Prakaram, Madai Palli Prakaram and Thiru Malai Prakaram.[7] There are 32 shrines, 19 vimanams, 389 pillared halls (most having the lion type yali sculpture)[8] and sacred tanks some of which located outside the complex.[7][9]

The main sanctum faces west and can be entered through a 130 feet tall, 7-tiered rajagopuram (main gateway tower). The eastern gopuram is taller than the western gopuram, which is contrasting to large temples where the rajagopuram is the tallest one. One of the most famous architectural pieces in the temple is the huge stone chain sculpted in a single stone. There is a 100 pillared hall which has sculptures depicting Ramayana and Mahabaratha. It is a masterpiece of Vijayanagara architecture.

The shrine of Varadarajaswamy is on a small hillock 10m tall and a flight of 24 steps, termed "Hasthagiri". It has murals of the late Vijayanagara empire on the ceilingAnother significant features of the temple are beautifully carved lizards and gilded with gold, over the sanctumThe vimana over the sanctum of Varadaraja Swami is called Punyakoti Vimanam and the one over Perundevi Thayar shrine is called Kalyana Koti Vimanam.

Apart from the main stone idol, the temple has the wooden image of Varadarajaswamy preserved within a silver box from which water is pumped out every 40 yearsThere is a shrine of Narasimha on the hillock.[7] The origin of the mask of Narasimha is mysterious and believed to possess inexplicable powers.

In the second precinct downstairs contains four shrines, of which the important one is of Malayala Nachiar (Kerala consort), presumably built during the Chera kings in the early 14th century.

The third precinct has the shrine of Goddess Perundevi Thayar - it is customary for devotees to visit the shrine first before visiting the main Perumal shrine. There are four small pillared halls, identical in structure, called Thulabara Mandapas built during the 1532 for a ceremony of Achutaraya of the Vijayanagara empire.

The image of Chakrathazwhar (Sudarsana) in the temple is depicted with six hands. There festival image of the temple has seven different images of Sudarshana depicted within the same Chakra.


Festival

The temple is famous for its huge umbrella used during festive occasions. During the bhramotsavam (major festival) in Vaigasi (May/June), thousands of people throng the temple and that increases at least by a two-fold during the garuda vahanam and ther festival (temple chariot).

On normal days the temple is generally free except for some locals and a few tourists.
Temple Administration

The pooja has been taken up Ayyangar community and the administration is carried out by Hindu Religious and Endowment of the Government of Tamil Nadu.[19]


The Thathacharyas are the custodians of the Kanchipuram Perarulalan Kovil popularly known as Varadaraja Perumal temple. They are the Pradhana Acharya Purushas in the protocol to receive and deliver the temple honours. In retrospection Tirumalai Nambi's son Tirukkurukai Piran Pillan was ordained by Ramanuja himself as the first and foremost among the 74 Peetadhipathis to propagate Visishtadwaita philosophy after him. Pillan was also chosen by Ramanuja as the competent person to write the commentary on ``Tiruvaimozhi. The annotation of Tiruvaimozhi thus brought out by Pillan under the behest of Ramanuja is called the famous `Araiyarpadi' the first gloss in Manipravala, an elegant mixture of Tamil and Sanskrit words, on the Divya Prabhandam. After Pillan, Tirumalai Srinivasacharya Thathacharya in the fifth generation of Thathacharyas was installed by Vedanta Desika as the Sri Kariyam of the Devaraja Swamy Kovil. Since then the office of Sri Kariyam is institutionalised in the diligence and devotion of the Thathacharyas to the Varadaraja Perumal temple in Kanchipuram. Lakshmi Kumara Thatha Desikan inherited this mantle from his ancestors and made epoch making contributions to the temple annals. He was the Sri Kariya Durandhara - a phrase connoting absolute dedication and authority - of the temple affairs. Simultaneously he was also the Raja Guru of the Vijayanagar king Venkatapathi Deva Maharaj. In Ayengarkulam, a village named after him near Kanchipuram, he built a tank and temple to Sri Rama and Hanuman But in present period the temple is administrated by the Tamil Nadu Government through the Ministry of Hindu Religion and Charitable Endowments having the Thathachariars as the Honorary Trustees. There is a verdict going on in the Courts to re-establish the right of Administration entirely with the Thathachariar families as it was existing before 1975 A.D 

Pandi Muneeswarar of Melmadai

Pandi Muneeswarar of Melmadai

Pandi Muneeswarar of Melmadai

By

P.R.Ramachander  (http://villagegods.blogspot.in/)

This God is situated in Melamadai village which is very near Mattu Thavani of Madurai town. People also call this God as Pandi Ayya. People believe that this God is the rebirth of Pandiyan Nedumchezhiyan who wrongly sentenced Kovilan the husband of Kannaki to death.
The present place of the temple was once upon a time a very dense forest. One group of nomadic people from Nerur, which is near Karur, happened to come to Madurai. Valliammai was an elderly lady ogf the group. One day in her dream she saw a well bearded tufted individual. He showed her a place in the forest and told, “I am lying here buried. Take me out and start worshipping me. Then you need not travel from one place to another. I would look after you.” She then told about her dream o others. They went to spot shown in her dream and started digging. They soon found a statue, which was sage like but was having an imposing moustache. Many people from the nearby areas came to see this statue. One of them was a saint. He told them, “This is the place where Madurai was situated and Kannagi burnt it. The king at that time was Nedumchezhiyan. He died due to the shock of the injustice that he had done. Later he was born in, Madurai itself. He did great penances and Lord Shiva gave him salvation. This is his statue.” The people did not believe it. When they wanted to ask their doubts to the stage, he had vanished by then. People then started digging around the area and fount many burnt artifacts. So they decided that the statue was that of the Panda king. They built a small temple and started worshipping the statue. They called him Pandi Muneeswarar or Pandi Ayya. Valliammai and her descendents were appointed as the priests and oracles (Maruladi) of the temple.
Behind the Muneeswarar temple is a temple of Lord Ganapathi People should salute Ganapathi first and come and offer Worship to Pandi ayya. Just opposite him is the place where people tie toy cradles to get children. East of that place is the temple Of Aandichami. There is no form to this God. It is only a few steps and a mound. People believe that it is Lord Subrahmanya. Near this is the temple of Samaya Karuppar. He is supposed to be the assistant to Pandi Ayya and would obey his commands.

“ Pandi Muneeswarar is most famous and well known for granting his boons to the devotees who worship him . He is showering his graces to one and all in a seated position (Padmasanam) He is bedecked with white cloth and colourful flower garlands. He is worshipped with milk, Pongal, Rosewater, Athar, Javvadu, jasmine flowers and dedicated love from the devotees. He will manifest at the place, where you think of him to redress your grievances, hurdles and to grant your wishes without fail.”

There is another interesting story of Samaya Karuppu. It seems once when a white man was going for hunting, he came and asked jeeringly Samaya Karuppu , “How many animals will I kill today.” Samaya karuppu did not answer,. So when the white man could not hunt for any animal, he came to the temple , broke the head and hands of Samaya Karuppu. It seems before he left the village the white man and his horse where turned in o stone. After this incident , people were very much afraid of Samaya Karuppu. Even today his idol is without head and hands.

Vegetarian offerings are offered to Pandi Muneeswarar , Pongal without sugar to the Aandi ayya and animals are sacrificed to Samaya Karuppu. Even arrack, cigars etc are offered to him.

People belie that ghosts and devils will leave their body, if they go to the temple of Pandi Ayya. Two km away from the temple is the place called Kazhungati. Here several tridents are planted. The people with ghosts and spirits start jumping and dancing as soon as they reach this spot. In fact the conductors of buses going to Pandi ayya’s temple, make people get down before this place fearing the violent dance and jumping of ghosts and spirits. The present Maruladi (oracle ) is a lady called Rajathi Ammal.

There is no separate festival for Pandi Muneeswaran. In the month of Adi (July-August) Aandi ayya is offered mango worship. From the Maruladi’s house the ornaments of the temple are brought. Then Pandi Ayya is offered Chakkarai Pongal. They put a screen and then sacrifice animals to Samaya Karuppan. And then the steps of Aandi ayya are covered with mango fruits. And he is offered salt pongal (Ven pongal).

அருள்மிகு அங்காளபரமேஸ்வரி திருக்கோயில் + மேல்மலையனூர்

அருள்மிகு அங்காளபரமேஸ்வரி திருக்கோயில்
+ மேல்மலையனூர்



ஆடி வெள்ளிக்கிழமைகளும், நவராத்திரியும், கார்த்திகை தீபமும், தைப் பொங்கலும், மாசி மாத தேர்த்திருவிழாவும் இங்கு முக்கிய திருவிழாக்களாகும்.

காலை 7 மணிமுதல் மதியம் 12 மணி வரையிலும், பிற்பகல் 2 மணிமுதல் இரவு 8 மணிவரையிலும் திறந்திருக்கும் இந்த சன்னதி அமாவாசையன்று இரவு முழுவதும் திறந்திருக்கும்.
பிரார்த்தனை

கணவனை பிரிந்திருப்பவர்கள் மற்றும் கணவனின் தொந்தரவுக்கு ஆளாகி இருப்பவர்கள் இங்கு வந்து அங்காளபரமேஸ்வரியை வழிபட்டால் பிரச்னை தீரும் என்பது நம்பிக்கை.

அம்மனுக்கு அபிஷேகம் செய்தும், வஸ்திரம் அணிவித்தும் நேர்த்திக்கடன் நிறைவேற்றலாம்.

தலபெருமை:

அங்காள பரமேஸ்வரி ஆதிபராசக்தியின் அம்சமாக இணைவதற்காக பார்வதி என்ற பெயரில் பர்வதராஜனின் மகளாக பிறந்தார். பின் பரமேஸ்வரனை திருமணம் செய்து கயிலையை அடைந்தாள்.

முன்பெல்லாம் சிவன், பிரம்மா இருவருக்குமே ஐந்து தலைதான் இருந்தது. திருமணத்தை நடத்திவைத்த பிரம்மா சிவனைப் பார்ப்பதற்காக கயிலை வந்தார். அப்போது ஏதோ குழப்பத்திலிருந்த பார்வதி ஐந்து தலையுடன் வந்தது சிவன் என கருதி, பிரம்மாவின் காலில் விழுந்து ஆசி வாங்கினார். நிமிர்ந்து பார்த்த போது தான் வந்தது பிரம்மா என்பதை உணர்ந்து வருந்தினார். இருவருக்குமே ஐந்து தலை இருப்பதால் தானே இந்த குழப்பம். எனவே பிரம்மனின் ஒரு தலையை எடுத்துவிடும்படி சிவனிடம் பார்வதி வேண்டினாள்.

பார்வதியின் வேண்டுகோளின்படி சிவனும் பிரம்மனின் ஒரு தலையை கிள்ளி எறிந்தார். இதனால் சிவனுக்கு பிரம்மஹத்திதோஷம் ஏற்பட்டது. சிவனின் பிரம்மஹத்தி தோஷம் போக்குவதற்காகவும், இந்த கலியுகத்தில் மக்களுக்கு அருள் பாலிப்பதற்காகவும் அன்னை பராசக்தி சிவசுயம்பு புற்று வடிவில் அங்காளபரமேஸ்வரியாக மேல்மலையனூரில் அவதாரம் செய்துள்ளார். இவர் வடக்கு நோக்கி அமர்ந்து நம்மை காத்து வருவது ஒர் சிறப்பம்சமாகும். வில்வமே இங்கு தல விருட்சமாகும்.

சரஸ்வதி சாபம் : தன் கணவனின் ஒரு தலை கிள்ளி எறியப்பட்டதை சரஸ்வதி அறிந்தார். உடனே கோபத்துடன் பார்வதியை பார்த்து சரஸ்வதி, ""எனது கணவர் பிரம்மனின் அகோர உருவத்திற்கு காரணமான நீயும் அகோரமாக போவாய்'' என்று சாபமிட்டார்.

இந்த சாபத்தின் பலனாகத்தான் மேல்மலையனூரில் அகோர உருவத்தில் அங்காளபரமேஸ்வரி என்ற நாமத்தடன் அமர்ந்தாள். சிலகாலம் கழித்து திருவண்ணாமலைக்கு சென்று அங்கு பிரம்மதீர்த்தத்தில் நீராடி சாபம் நீங்கி ஒரு மூதாட்டியின் வடிவம் பெற்று மீண்டும் மலையனூர் வந்து தங்கினார். அதன்பிறகு மலையனூரில் உள்ள மீனவர்கள் அங்காளம்மனுக்கு கோயில் கட்டினார்கள்.

தல வரலாறு:


ஒரு முறை தட்சன் தன் மகளான தாட்சாயினியை சிவனுக்கு திருமணம் செய்து வைத்தார். உலகநாயகனான சிவனுக்கு மாமனாராகி விட்டதால் தட்சனுக்கு கர்வம் ஏற்பட்டது. சிவனை பார்க்க கைலாயத்திற்கு சென்ற தட்சனை நந்தி தடுத்தார். இதனால் கோபமடைந்த தட்சன், சிவபெருமானை அழைக்காமலேயே யாகம் ஒன்றை நடத்தினார். தன் தந்தைக்கு ஏற்பட்ட கர்வத்தை போக்க, தாட்சாயினி அகோர உருவம் கொண்டு யாகத்தையும், அதை நடத்திய தந்தையையும் அழித்தாள். அத்துடன் அந்த யாகத்திலேயே விழுந்து தன் உடலை அழித்துக் கொண்டாள். அப்படி உருவ மற்ற அவதாரமாக நின்ற அம்சமே அங்காளி சக்தி ஆகும்.

இதை அறிந்த சிவன் மிகுந்த கோபத்துடன் உருவமற்ற அங்காளியை தனது தோளில் சுமத்தி ஆங்காரமாக நடனம் ஆடினார். அப்போது அங்காளியின் கை துண்டாகி கீழே விழுந்தது. அப்படி விழுந்த இடம் தான் தண்டகாருண்யம் என்ற சக்தி பீடமானது. அந்த தண்டகாருண்யத்தின் ஒரு பகுதியே மேல்மலையனூர் ஆகும். தாட்சாயினி யாகத்தில் விழந்து சாம்பலான இடம் என்பதால் இக்கோயில் பிரசாதமாக சாம்பலைத்தான் தருகிறார்கள்.