Sunday, April 19, 2015

Sudarshana Chakra

 
Sudarshana Chakra
Sudarshana Chakra
Vishnu with Sudarshana Chakra in his right rear hand
Devanagariसुदर्शन चक्र
AffiliationWeapon of Vishnu
TextsVishnu Purana
The Sudarshana Chakra is a spinning, disk-like weapon with 108 serrated edges used by the Hindu god Vishnu. The Sudarshana Chakra is generally portrayed on the right rear hand of the four hands of Vishnu, who also holds a shankha (conch shell), a Gada (mace) and a padma (lotus).
The Sudarshana Chakra may be depicted as an ayudhapurusha (anthropomorphic form). He is depicted as a fierce form of Vishnu. While the Sudarshana Chakra is depicted as a subordinate figure with Vishnu, in many South Indian Vishnu temples, the Chakra as an ayudhapurusha is worshipped in its own shrine attached to the central temple.
According to the Puranas, Sudarshana Chakra is used for the ultimate destruction of an enemy. The depiction of Vishnu with Sudarshana Chakra also means that Vishnu is the keeper-owner of the celestial bodies and heavens.

Etymology

The word Sudarshana is derived from two Sanskrit words – Su(सु) meaning "good/auspicious" and Darshana (दर्शन) meaning "vision". Hence, the word Sudarshana collectively means "vision of which is auspicious". Sudarshana is generally worshiped during Homas to ward off negative powers or vibrations.[1]
The word chakra is derived from the word Chruhu (चृ:) meaning movement and kruhu(कृ:) meaning to do. Hence, chakra collectively means the one which is mobile. Among all the Vedic weapons, Sudarshana Chakra is the only mobile weapon.[2]

Legends[edit]

There are various legends related to the origins of the Sudarshana Chakra.
The Sudarshana Chakra was made by the architect of gods, Vishvakarma. Vishvakarma's daughter Sanjana was married to Surya, the Sun God. Due to the Sun's blazing light and heat, she was unable to go near the Sun. She complained to her father about this. Vishvakarma took the Sun and made him shine less so that his daughter would be able to hug the Sun. The left over Sun "dust" was collected by Vishvakarma and made into three divine objects. The first one was the aerial vehicle Pushpaka Vimana, the second being the Trishula (Trident) of the god Shiva, and the third was the Sudarshana Chakra of Vishnu. The Chakra is described to have 10 million spikes in two rows moving in opposite directions to give it a serrated edge.
Sudarshana Chakra is considered to be the most powerful weapon in Hindu mythology.When it pursued sage Durvasa,neither Lord Brahama nor Lord Shiva could stop it.[3]
Sudarshana Chakra was used to cut the corpse of Sati, the consort of Shiva into 51 pieces after she gave up her life by throwing herself in a yagna (fire sacrifice) of her father Daksha. It is said that Shiva, in grief, carried around her lifeless body and was inconsolable. The 51 parts of the goddess' body were then tossed about in different parts of the Indian subcontinent and came to be known as "Shakti Peethas".

In scripture[edit]

The use of the Sudarshan Chakra is occasionally mentioned in the Hindu texts of Rigveda, Yajurveda and Puranas, as an ultimate weapon of law, order and preservation to eliminate the enemy . Such enemies are enumerated variously as rakshasas, asura, and vikrutatma.
In one such instance, as scribed in the stanzas of the Mahabharat, Lord Shri Krishna, the Avatar of Lord Vishnu, beheads Shishupala with the use of the Sudarshan Chakra, for his rapacious behaviour (committing 100 mistakes each worthy of death) at the Rajsuya yagna celebration of Emperor Yudhishthira. It was also used to cut the celestial mountain Mandrachal Parvat for churning the ocean of milk (Samudra Manthan).

Other names[edit]

In Tamil, the Sudarshan Chakra is also known as Chakkrath Azhwar (translated as Ring/Circlet of God).
The Chakri Dynasty, the current ruling house of Thailand, is named after this weapon.

Sudarshan Homam[edit]

This homam is performed by invoking Lord Sudarshan along with his consort Vijayavalli into the sacrificial fire. This homam is very popular in South India.

Temples of Sudarshan[edit]

Sudarshana Chakra depicted as an ayudhapurusha and fierce aspect of his owner Vishnu.
  • Sri Sudarshana Bhagavan Temple, Nagamangala
  • Sri Sudarshana Sannidhi at Sriranganatha temple, Srirangapattana
  • Chakrapani Temple, Kumbakonam
  • Thirumogur Temple, Madurai
  • Chakkarathalwar at Srirangam, temple
  • Chakkarathalwar at Sri Devanatha Swamy Temple (Kanchi Varadhar Temple), Kancheepuram
  • Anjumoorthy (Five Deities) Temple, at Anjumoorthy Mangalam, in Palakkad district (The main deity of this temple is Sudarshan).
  • Sree Vallabha Temple, Thiruvalla in Pathanamthitta district

Arulmigu Arudra Kabaliswarar Temple

Welcome to Arulmigu Arudra Kabaliswarar Temple
Greatness Of Temple:
108 Shivalingas are carved on a single Linga in the temple. This is a very pleasing darshan to the devotees. In the Kottai division of Erode, Lord Thondeswara graces the devotees. The main tower (Rajagopuram) is an outstanding example of architectural beauty.
Sun God graces in the front hall (Mandap) with His consorts. Lord Kanni Vinayaka graces in the Southwest corner while the holy tree Vanni is at the west.
The temple has Pollapillayar with 63 Nayanmars in a sitting position. Lord Dakshinamurthy is near the Nayanmars. After passing through the Saptha Kannikas (Seven maidens) on the west, devotees can have the darshan of the paintings of Five Shivalingas representing five philosophies.
Temple History
According to traditional stories, the temple was built by a king named Lakshmikanthan. Once he performed a yagna. The milk pots taken for the ceremony fell upside down when placed on the floor. When he dug the ground, he found blood oozing from the place due to the hit of the crowbars. The shocked king immediately built a temple on the spot.
Some of the Kongu Cholas who ruled this region had the name Karikala duri9ng the year 1004-1280 AD. It is believed that one such Karikala could have built this temple. One of the Karikala, with the help of one Samaya Mudali built 36 Shiva temples on the banks of Cauvery, according to one story.
A poor weaver Thandavan, living with his family in the area used to worship Lord Arudra Kabaleeswarar before proceeding to work. The Lord, with the intention of making the weaver’s devotion to Him known to all, went to his house when the weaver was absent. His wife alone was in the house. The Lord told her that He was suffering from biting cold and begged for a piece of cloth for cover. The woman told the Lord that she too had only one piece and promised what she could do for Him and asked his address. She was told that He would be outside the Arudra temple and left.
Sooner Thandavan returned after work, his wife told him what happened during his absence. The weaver rushed to his boss seeking a piece of cloth on credit promising to pay the price in instalments and got the cloth. He took the cloth to the old man in the temple, gave it to Him.
When the temple priest opened the sanctum sanctorum the next morning, he was surprised to see a new piece of cloth on the Lord and the Parivattam was absent. He informed the matter to all in the place. All gathered there including the weaver boss who said that he gave it to Thandavan. Thandavan narrated what happened. None believed the poor man, tied him in a pillar and began to beat him. Lord Shiva possessed on the son of the village head and shouted. "Despite one’s own difficulties, he/she should not hesitate to help those poorer than them. To establish this Dharam, I acted through Thandavan," and explained what happened.
Devotees began to throng the temple to have the grace of Lord Arudra Kabaleeswarar
The Saptha Kannimar Padal is one of the sub-sections of Arul Nool which was the secondary scripture of Ayyavazhi. The author of the content is unknown. This contains the event's background and reason for the birth of the seven virgins in the world. Below are the names of Saptha Kannimar:
  1. Brameshwari
  2. Gowmari
  3. Varaghi
  4. Vaishnavi
  5. Saamundi
  6. Maheshwari
  7. Indhirani
  8. Kannimar Temples in Tamil Nadu

    Kannimar Temple is located in Elachipalayam, Karumathampatti, Coimbatore.
    1. The Saptha Kannimar temple is located in Sethumadai village, which is located 25 km from Pollachi Town in Coimbatore District.
    2. Saptha Kanniyar temple also located at Uththamar koil near Tiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu.
    3. Kannimar Temple located at Tiruchengode Town was built about 200 years ago by the farmers around the temple.
    4. Kannimar temple located at [thiruvallur (dist), thomur(vill) via kanakkammachathiram ]was built in ancient days.
    5. Chennai: Kannimar temple located at Saiva Muthiah 6th Street, Royapettah, Chennai.
    6. Kannimar Temple located at Vellor district, 2km inside Ponnai Village, S. N. Palayam: Temple built in the year 2009
    file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Administrator/Desktop/561089_293299780790508_1505928187_n.jpg
    1. Kannimar Temple located in Padalam near Chengelpet.
    An ancient kannimar temple is located near kodumudi. The temple is located at vattakkal valasu near karmandam palayam. this place comes between erode and kodumudi. The temple is an ancient temple and is located on the banks of reiver cauvery. The temple is sarrounded by ever green agricultural land.And in the temple there is a terracota statue of the goddesses, which is believed to be 100+years old.Devotees from all over tamil nadu frequently visits this temple Every newmoon day there is a grand pooja which is witnessed by a large group of devotees from all over tamil nadu.And it ia a must visit for all kannimar devotees

    Way of worship

    Arulmigu Kannimar temple is located in Elachipalayam, Karumathampatti, Coimbatore(Dt). Kannimar is know as Sapthakanni.
    Arulmigu Kannimar Samy is workshiped as KULA DEIVAM of Kadai kootam, Kongu vellalar Gounder in Coimbatore locality.
    Kannimar is worshiped by Sengunthar and jangam community. They have a unique way of worship. They boil rice in seven pots placed one on top of other. Kannimar is represented as locas, sapta swaram and seven energy centres in the human body